Moscow, the capital of Russia, is one of the biggest cities in the world. It occupies the area of 1035 square kilometres.
Moscow's local time is Greenwich Mean Time plus 3, the summer time (+1) is active in Moscow from March to October.
Basic language: Russian.
Population: about 9 million people, tourists and other city guests are not included.
Climate: moderate. The average temperature in July and August is (20 - 25) °C; in December and January - (10 - 20)°C. The humidity is moderate and, sometimes, high. The Moscow's winters are, as a rule, cold and snowy.
Officially, the Moscow's Ring Road (MKAD) of 109 km-length is considered the border of the Russian capital. But new city districts (Mitino, Butovo, etc.) emerge beyond the Ring Road.
There are over 10 rivers in Moscow and Moscow Region. The Moskva-River is the biggest one.
The relief of Moscow's territory is a rather complicated one. The highest points of Moscow's territory are there at the South-West, 250 meters above the sea level and 130 meters above the Moskva-River.
Administratively, Moscow is segmented into 10 administration districts. The names of districts comply with their location: Central, West, North-West, etc. The districts are, then, segmented into city regions, there are 128 of them in Moscow.
The Moscow's City Duma is the main legislative body. The executive power is exercised by the Moscow's Mayor, the prefects and the sub-prefects. The municipal authorities are elected by the citizens of Moscow (vote by secret ballot).